Irish and German Immigration Transcendentalism, An American Philosophy The Southern Argument for Slavery Gold in California The Compromise of Preston Brooks and Charles Sumner The South Secedes Strengths and Weaknesses: North vs. The Road to Appomattox The Assassination of the President Rebuilding the Old Order The New Tycoons: John D. The New Tycoons: J. Politics of the Gilded Age Labor vs. Eugene V. Debs and American Socialism Artistic and Literary Trends The Print Revolution The Wounded Knee Massacre The Election of Booker T.
Japanese American Internment
DuBois Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom The Panama Canal The Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations Fads and Heroes Old Values vs. Domestic and International Politics Social and Cultural Effects of the Depression An Evaluation of the New Deal Pearl Harbor The Decision to Drop the Bomb Domestic Challenges Voices against Conformity Separate No Longer? Martin Luther King Jr.
Black Power Years of Withdrawal Triangular Diplomacy: U. Roe v.
Flower Power The New Right The End of the Cold War Republicans vs. The End of the American Century.
Many Americans worried that citizens of Japanese ancestry would act as spies or saboteurs for the Japanese government. Fear — not evidence — drove the U. After being forced from their communities, Japanese families made these military style barracks their homes.
Chapter Internment of Japanese Americans During World War II – Annenberg Classroom
Most of the ten relocation camps were built in arid and semi-arid areas where life would have been harsh under even ideal conditions. Fred Korematsu challenged the legality of Executive Order but the Supreme Court ruled the action was justified as a wartime necessity.
It was not until that the U. Camp Harmony, Washington In the spring and summer of , Seattle's Japanese-American community was forced to stay at nearby Camp Harmony, a temporary station before their removal to Tule Lake. This comprehensive, illustrated website doesn't neglect the facts, but its strength is in telling the human stories through such features as school, play, cycle of life, and letters to teachers and classmates back home. From the University of Washington. The United States, by order of the President, rounded up , people of Japanese ancestry for detention. The University of Utah provides these excellent photo galleries of life, work, and housing in the internment camps of Tule Lake, California, and Topaz, Utah.
Click on the Tule and Topaz icons for stunning images of the bleak conditions endured by these people, many of whom were American citizens.
This site discloses the expenditures of the program and shows that many detainees were imported from other countries. Click on "History" to gain a deeper understanding of the real reasons behind the internment of Japanese Americans, including the history of anti-Asian sentiment before the bombing of Pearl Harbor in You'll also get details on the entire history of Heart Mountain, including politics, economics, and living conditions.
It's a really important part of American history. For 13 years, Kitagaki has tracked down, photographed, and interviewed people whose images were captured by Dorothea Lange, Ansel Adams, and others after Executive Order was issued in February , two months after Japan bombed Pearl Harbor. The document prompted the incarceration of , U.
And they're leaving us. So far, there have been 11 exhibitions around the country of " Gambatte!
It consists of 60 sets of historic and contemporary documentary portraits—many of the newer ones shot in the exact place where the subjects were photographed more than seven decades ago. There will be audio and video in the L. Gambatte, Kitagaki says, means "keep moving forward.
The time demands could strain most relationships, but not in this case. I came home and asked my parents," Kitagaki recalls.
Milton Eisenhower Justifies the Internment of Japanese Americans
Eight years later, he learned his grandparents, aunt, and father had been photographed in Oakland by Lange, one of his heroes, while waiting to be transported to an assembly center. In , he searched for that picture, among roughly of her wartime images, in the National Archives in Washington, D. How did Executive Order change and affect their lives? That was the seed of my project. But it took a long time to percolate. Most of the historic photos included no caption information except for location, so Kitagaki pasted copies onto a huge poster that he hauled to Japanese churches, summer bazaars, Buddhist temples, and senior lunches, hoping someone would recognize a person in the pictures.